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History

1808

With the initialing of the Prince Regent D. Joao VI, came into force the Rules for the Pilots of the Port of Rio de Janeiro City, signed by the Viscount of Acadia, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs of the Navy and overseas areas. The first organized Pilotage was deployed in Brazil, which held features that are preserved until the present day. A link was set clear between the Pilotage and the free trade of goods through the Safety of Navigation in restricted waters. As a result of the need generated by the opening of ports, granted by Regia Charter in January 28, 1808, it was recognized the demand of "Practical Pilots of this Bar, capable and with sufficient knowledge, who deserves to be trusted by the Commanders or Masters of vessels entering or leaving this port. " 

1889

Established the Decree which defined a comprehensive and detailed design of Pilotage. What justified the issuance of this Decree was the importance given to it by the Interim Government, confirming the assumptions of the Decree of 1808, the linking of the free trading of goods under the jurisdiction of the State to ensure the Safety of Navigation in restricted waters, through the vital contribution of Pilotage. It is this perspective that values, in its proper contours, the tying of the Pilotage with the Maritime Authority 

1926

Adopted Decree that reinforces the subordination of Pilotage to the Maritime Authority, determining that these services should be run in each locality according to the rules established by the Board of Ports and Coasts. 

1940

A new regulation for the Captaincy of Ports includes all the regulation of Pilotage at the same time that dissolves the Pilots Associations and creates the Pilots Corporations, determining that its administration is run by a Pilot-Mor, a Pilot and a third Pilot Helping as a treasurer, elected in a meeting convened and chaired by the Captain of Ports, and their actions should always be subject to the approval of the Captain of Ports. The Pilotage services are classified as being organizations of public utility, of interest for National Security and of reach to the Ministry of the Navy. It is established that the Pilots Corporations are subject, technically and administratively, to their Captaincies of Ports. 

1959

It is clear the concern of the Maritime Authority in providing the Pilotage Entities with sufficient resources so that the Pilotage was performed according to parameters and performances that suit the needs of the Safety of Navigation. 

1961

The Pilotage become defined in the strict sense of being the set of activities performed by professional pilots, abandoning the broad definition of human and material resources needed to support the implementation of these professional activities. Rules were issued on administration of financial and material resources of Corporations, which characterized the deployment of the self-management of the Pilots on the very infrastructure of Pilotage. 

1986

Regulation maintains the linkage with the Maritime Authority, with the following purposes: supervision of technical and professional aspects of the exercise of the profession; requisition of Pilots to meet the activities of maritime search and rescue, and to meet the work shift approved by the Captain of Ports. As for the last purpose, this is the first time that such a device appears in the regulation of Pilotage services. It admits, explicitly, that pilots must exercise the profession through a body of Pilotage "in order to ensure the Pilotage, continuously to all ships, regardless of type and deadweight." 

1991

In the validity of the self-management of the pilots, the Maritime Authority has ceased to participate in the administration of Pilotage Entities. This positioning of the Maritime Authority did not result in a solution of continuity to the infrastructure of Pilotage services, whose management since 1959, has been conducted exclusively by the pilots, without any regulations. 

1997 - LESTA

Ponders the Safety of aquatic traffic in waters under National Jurisdiction and takes other measures. The mentioned Law presents a specific chapter on the Pilotage Service, defining it, verbatim, as being a service of assessment, clearly establishing the relationship Pilot-Commander of the ship, safeguarding to the last one its inseparable prerogatives, its authority and responsibilities; it also imposes requirements for the training of Pilots , by examinaning their qualifications and training, limiting their actions to only one PZ (Pilotage Zone); it conditions the maintenance of the Pilot License to the performing of a minimum number of operations and ensures every Pilot the free exercise of the service. It ranks the Pilotage Service as an essential activity, requiring that it is always available and provides the forms of intervention by the Maritime Authority, which could establish the number of Pilots for each PZ, set the price of the service and request the service of Pilots. In light of this essential service, it requires the pilot to meet the service under penalty of suspension or cancellation of his certificate of qualification. 

1998 - RLESTA

It regulates the LESTA. In the chapter related to the Pilotage service, it defines its constitution, including the pilot, the pilot boat and watchtower. The remuneration of the service covers the employment of these three elements, the price should be freely negotiated between the parties, whether for the whole or to each element separately, in the absence of agreement, the Maritime Authority set the price, in order to endure the availability of the service supply. 

2000 - NORMAM 12

Standard of the Maritime Authority for Pilotage Services. Its purpose establishes guidelines for Pilotage services in Brazilian Jurisdictional Waters (AJB, in Portuguese). It is up to the Director of Ports and Coasts (DPC), as representative of the National Maritime Authority, to regulate the Pilotage services, to establish the Pilotage Zones (PZ) in which the use of the service is mandatory or optional and to specify the vessels exempted from service. 
 

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